American Peony Society Annual Exhibition

June 4, 2016

Hyatt Regency Green Bay — Green Bay, Wisconsin

COURT OF HONOR
         
Grand Champion ($50.00 sponsored by APS)
   'Pastelegance' Solaris Farms
Reserve Champion ($25.00 sponsored by APS)  
   'Theresa Anne' Solaris Farms
Sweepstakes Award - Most Blue Ribbons ($25.00 sponsored by APS)
   15 Blue Ribbons Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
Best Seedling (APS) ($25.00 sponsored by APS)
   NB H78 Solaris Farms  
Best Seedling Award ($25.00 sponsored by Parker's Peony and Perennial Farm)
   NB H78 Solaris Farms  
Best Intersectional Award ($25.00 sponsored by Adriana Feng)
   'Sonoma Yedo' Adelman Peony Gardens
Ben Gowen Memorial Award (Best Double Lactiflora) ($25.00 sponsored by David & Linette Sorrentino)
   'The Fawn' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
Allan Rogers Memorial Award (Best Herb. Hybrid) ($25.00 sponsored by Pacific Northwest Peony Society)
   'Pastelegance' Solaris Farms
Best Novice Champion    
   'Theresa Anne' Mary Yee
         
Best White Lactiflora  'Brother Chuck' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
Best Pink Lactiflora  'The Fawn' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
Best Red Lactiflora  'Kansas' Brian & Mary Grimm
Best White/Blush/Yellow Hybrid  
       'Pastelegance' Solaris Farms
Best Pink/Coral Hybrid  'Etched Salmon' David & Linette Sorrentino
Best Red Hybrid  'Raspberry Charm' Adelman Peony Gardens
Best Yellow Itoh  'Sonoma Yedo' Adelman Peony Gardens
Best White/Blush Itoh  'Love Affair' Solaris Farms
Best Red Itoh  'New Millennium' Adelman Peony Gardens
Best White Suffruticosa  'Hakugan' Lloyd Ravet
Best Pink Suffruticosa  'Cherry Blossoms' Lloyd Ravet
Best Red Suffruticosa  'Shima-Nishiki' Brian & Mary Grimm
Best Yellow Lutea Hybrid  'Theresa Anne' Solaris Farms
Best Pink Lutea Hybrid  'Theresa Anne' Mary Yee
Best Red Lutea Hybrid  'Vesuvian' Solaris Farms
         
         
ARTISTIC DESIGN
Grand Champion  – Artistic Design  
  Class 4 – "Imperial Flower"  Lorē Sampson
Reserve Champion – Artistic Design  
  Class 5 – "Two Are Better Than One" Lorē Sampson
Best Novice Design – Artistic Design  
  Class 1 – "Memories" Jeri Erickson
         
         
         
         
         
Exhibition Judges
Henry Chotkowski
David Maltby
Jim Sampson
Lorē Sampson
Linette Sorrentino
Piet Wierstra
Adriana Feng (student judge)
         
Court of Honor Judges
Henry Chotkowski
Reiner Jakubowski
Lorē Sampson
Linette Sorrentino
Piet Wierstra
         
Seedling Judges
Hazel Cook
Reiner Jakubowski
Scott Parker
         
Design Judges
Lorē Sampson (abstained from some)
David Sorrentino (abstained from some)
Linette Sorrentino
Jeri Erickson (assistant judge)
         
Clerks
Jeff Delaney
Jeri Erickson
Olivia Erickson
Judy Ravet
Lloyd Ravet
Cory Tischman
         
         
         
There were no entries in classes not listed. Places not listed were not awarded.
         
DIVISION 1
OPEN: Classes 101 – 137.
Open to all Exhibitors. Commercial growers and exhibitors who 
grow more than 200 peonies must exhibit here.
         
Class 101 – Collection: 25 different cultivars – Any kind, form or color.
  1st  Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm  
         
Class 103 – Collection: 10 different cultivars – Herbaceous Hybrids only. Any form or color.
  2nd  Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm  
         
Class 110a – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, white.
  2nd  'Bowl of Cream' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 110b – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, blush.
  1st  'Brother Chuck' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Alice Harding' Great Seal Peony Farm
  HM  'Camellia White' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 110c – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, light pink.
  1st  'My Love' Great Seal Peony Farm
  3rd  'Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt'  Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 110d – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, dark pink.
  2nd  'Martha' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 110e – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, red.
  1st  'Highlight' Great Seal Peony Farm
  2nd  'Cincinnati' Great Seal Peony Farm
         
Class 112a – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Bomb, white or blush.
  1st  'Mr. Ed' Great Seal Peony Farm
  2nd  'Bridal Shower' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 112b – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Bomb, pink.
  1st  'Petticoat Parade' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Monsieur Jules Elie' Great Seal Peony Farm
         
Class 113b – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Japanese, pink.
  1st  'Largo' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 115a(1) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, white.      
  1st  'Ann Cousins' Great Seal Peony Farm
  2nd  'Mother's Choice' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Joseph Christie' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 115a(2) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, white.     
  1st  'Brother Chuck' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Brother Chuck' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Carl G. Klehm' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 115b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, blush.
  1st  'Serene Pastel' Scott Parker
  2nd  'Norma Volz' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Norma Volz' ?
  HM  'Henry Sass' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Brother Chuck' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 115c(1) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, light pink.
  1st  'Moonstone' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'La Lorraine' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Norma Volz' Scott Parker
  HM  'Lavender Princess' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 115c(2) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, light pink.
  1st  'Dinner Plate' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Dresden Pink' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 115d(1) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, dark pink.
  1st  'The Fawn' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Dinner Plate' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Martha' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  HM  'Princess Margaret' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Dresden Pink' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 115d(2) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, dark pink.
  2nd  'June Rose' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Chieftan' Scott Parker
  HM  'Wilford Johnson' Sorrentino
         
Class 115e – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, red.
  1st  'Douglas Brand' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Highlight' Great Seal Peony Farm
  3rd  'Kansas' Great Seal Peony Farm
  HM  'Cincinnati' Great Seal Peony Farm
         
Class 117a – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, white or blush.
  1st  'Lancaster Imp' Sorrentino
  2nd  'Capital Dome' Adelman Peony Gardens
  3rd  'Luxor' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Lancaster Imp' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 117b(1) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, pink.
  1st  'Touch of Class' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Fairy's Petticoat' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  HM  'Touch of Class' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 117b(2) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, pink.
  1st  'Pink Lemonade' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Angel Cheeks' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Angel Cheeks' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  HM  'Top Brass' Great Seal Peony Farm
         
Class 117b(3) – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, pink.
  1st  'Pink Derby' Adelman Peony Gardens
  3rd  'Monsieur Jules Elie' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Monsieur Jules Elie' Sorrentino
         
Class 117c – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, red.
  1st  'Felix Crousse' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 118a – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Japanese, white or blush.
  2nd  'Cora Stubbs' Scott Parker
  HM  'Cora Stubbs' Scott Parker
         
Class 118b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Japanese, pink.
  1st  'Dream Catcher' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Cora Stubbs' Sorrentino
         
Class 118c – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Japanese, red.
  1st  'Tom Cat' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 119b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Single, pink.
  1st  'Clown' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  HM  'Soft Salmon Joy' Scott Parker
  HM  'Fuchsia Jazz' Jill Stevens
         
Class 120a – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, yellow, white or blush.
  1st  'Pastelegance' Solaris Farms
  2nd  'Pastelegance' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Pastelegance' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 120b – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, coral.
  1st  'Coral Charm' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Coral Charm' Sorrentino
  3rd  'Coral Charm' Sorrentino
  HM  'Pink Hawaiian Coral' Sue Anderson
  HM  'Coral 'n Gold' Sue Anderson
         
Class 120c – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, pink.
  1st  'Etched Salmon' Sorrentino
  3rd  'Cytherea' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Carnation Bouquet' Solaris Farms
         
Class 120d – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, red.
  1st  'Raspberry Charm' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Buckeye Belle' Jill Stevens
  3rd  'Old Faithful' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Rosedale' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Jean E. Bockstoce' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 121d – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Bomb, red.
  1st  'Red Grace' Scott Parker
  2nd  'Gerry' Adelman Peony Gardens
  3rd  'Red Charm' Scott Parker
  HM  'Red Charm' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 122b – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid- Japanese, pink.
  3rd  'Show Girl' Great Seal Peony Farm
         
Class 122c – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid- Japanese, red.
  2nd  'Bob' Jill Stevens
  3rd  'Chocolate Soldier' Sorrentino
  HM  'Belle Center' Scott Parker
         
Class 123a – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, yellow, white or blush.
  1st  'Claire de Lune' Sorrentino
  3rd  'Soft Apricot Kisses' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  HM  'Picotee' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 123b – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, coral.
  1st  'Abalone Pearl' Solaris Farms
  2nd  'Coral 'n Gold' Adelman Peony Gardens
  3rd  'Pink Teacup' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Elizabeth Foster' Sorrentino
         
Class 123c – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, pink.
  1st  'Roselette' Solaris Farms
  2nd  'Nosegay' Adelman Peony Gardens
  3rd  'Folk Art' Sorrentino
         
Class 123d – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, red.
  1st  'Illini Warrior' Sorrentino
  3rd  'Scarlett O'Hara' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 125a(1) – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Yellow or yellow blends, any form.
  1st  'Sonoma Yedo' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Sonoma Halo' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 125a(2) – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Yellow or yellow blends, any form.
  1st  'Canary Brilliants' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Garden Treasure' Great Seal Peony Farm
  3rd  'Garden Treasure' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 125b – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – White/blush or white/blush blends, any form.
  1st  'Love Affair'  Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Cora Louise' Sue Anderson
         
Class 125c – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Red or red blends, any form.
  1st  'New Millennium' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'New Millennium' Tim Stanek
  3rd  'Sonoma Velvet Ruby' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Hillary' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 125d – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Purple/lavender or purple/lavender blends, any form.
  2nd  'Watermelon Wine' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Morning Lilac' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 125e – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Pink or pink blends, any form.
  1st  'Julia Rose' Sue Anderson
  2nd  'Joanna Marlene' Adelman Peony Gardens
  HM  'Julia Rose' LeRoy Mielke
         
Class 126b – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, coral.
  1st  'Coral Charm' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Coral Sunset' Sue Anderson
  3rd  'Coral 'n Gold' Sue Anderson
         
Class 126c – 3 blooms Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, pink.
  2nd  'Etched Salmon' Great Seal Peony Farm
  3rd  'Bess Bockstoce' Scott Parker
         
Class 126d – 3 blooms Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, red.
  1st  'Diana Parks' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  2nd  'Red Charm' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  3rd  'Topeka Coral' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 127a – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Bomb, yellow, white or blush.
  1st  'Pastelegance' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 127b – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Bomb, coral.
  1st  'Red Charm' Scott Parker
  3rd  'Illini Rose' Scott Parker
         
Class 128b – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Japanese, pink.
  3rd  'Show Girl' Great Seal Peony Farm
         
Class 129c – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, pink.
  3rd  'Flame' Sue Anderson
         
Class 129d – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, red.
  HM  'America' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
  HM  'The Mackinac Grand' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
         
         
Class 130a – 3 blooms, Itoh Hybrids Group – Yellow or yellow blends, any form.
  2nd  'Bartzella' Great Seal Peony Farm
  3rd  'Singing In The Rain' Sue Anderson
         
Class 130e – 3 blooms, Itoh Hybrids Group – Pink or pink blends, any form.
  2nd  'Hillary' Sue Anderson
  HM  'Julia Rose' Sue Anderson
  HM  'Julia Rose' Sue Anderson
         
Class 132b – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – Pink, Semi-double.
  1st  'Sahohime' Sue Anderson
  2nd  'Sahohime' LeRoy Mielke
  3rd  'Sahohime' Sue Anderson
         
Class 133a – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – Red, Single.
  2nd  'Kokamon' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 133b – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – Red, Semi-double.
  1st  'Shimadaijin' Sue Anderson
  HM  'Royal Robe' Klehm's Song Sparrow Farm
         
Class 134a – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Yellow, Single.
  1st  'Ruffled Sunset' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Spring Carnival' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Spring Carnival' Solaris Farms
         
Class 134b – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Yellow, Semi-double.
  2nd  'Manchurian Promise' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Manchurian Promise' Solaris Farms
         
Class 134c – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Yellow, Double.
  1st  'Theresa Anne' Solaris Farms
  2nd  'Theresa Anne' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Autumn Harvest' Solaris Farms
  HM  'Alice Harding' Adelman Peony Gardens
         
Class 135a – 1 bloom, Lutea Hybrid Tree Peony – Pink, Single.
  1st  'Mother Teresa' Solaris Farms
  2nd  'Mother Teresa' Solaris Farms
         
Class 136a – 1 bloom, Lutea Hybrid Tree Peony – Red, Single.
  2nd  'Door County Sunset' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Iphigenia' Sorrentino
         
Class 136b – 1 bloom, Lutea Hybrid Tree Peony – Red, Semi-double.
  1st  'Black Panther' Adelman Peony Gardens
  2nd  'Fuchsia Ruffles' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Fuchsia Ruffles' Solaris Farms
  HM  'Hephestos' Solaris Farms
         
Class 136c – 1 bloom, Lutea Hybrid Tree Peony – Red, Double.
  1st  'Vesuvian' Solaris Farms
  2nd  'Lois Elaine Lanning' Solaris Farms
  3rd  'Lois Elaine Lanning' Solaris Farms
  HM  'Vesuvian' Solaris Farms
         
         
DIVISION 2
AMATEUR and NOVICE: Classes 201 – 237. 
Open to exhibitors who raise peonies chiefly for pleasure, who sell plants or cut flowers only casually, and who do not grow more than 200 peony plants.
         
Class 201 – Collection: 10 different cultivars – Any kind, form or color.
  1st  Janis Holdridge    
  2nd  Kent & Kathryn Tretheway  
  3rd  Cary Dennis  
         
Class 210c – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, light pink.
  1st  'Sarah Bernhardt' Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Myra MacRae' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  3rd  'LaVon' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
         
Class 210d – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Double, dark pink.
  3rd  'June Rose' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 212a – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Bomb, white or blush.
  3rd  'White Sands' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  HM  'Queen Victoria' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
         
Class 212b – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Bomb, pink.
  1st  'Mr. Ed' Janis Holdridge
  2nd  'Angel Cheeks' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  3rd  'Angel Cheeks' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
         
Class 213b – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Japanese, pink.
  HM  'Do Tell' Mary Muellner
         
Class 213c – 3 blooms, 1 container, Lactiflora – Japanese, red.
  2nd  'Karen Gray' Brian & Mary Grimm
  3rd  'Charles Burgess' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 215a – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, white.
  1st  'Gardenia' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  2nd  'Moon Over Barrington' Brian & Mary Grimm
  3rd  'White Ivory' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 215b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, blush.
  1st  'Paul Bunyan' Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Nick Shaylor' Brian & Mary Grimm
  3rd  'Norma Volz' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 215c – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, light pink.
  1st  'Alexander Fleming' Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Adonis' Cary Dennis
  3rd  'The Fawn' Brian & Mary Grimm
  HM  'President Taft' Cary Dennis
         
Class 215d – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, dark pink.
  1st  'Dayton' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  2nd  'Dayton' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
         
         
         
         
Class 215e – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Double, red.
  1st  'Kansas' Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Onondaga' Cary Dennis
  3rd  'Cincinnati' Cary Dennis
         
Class 216a – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Semi-double, white or blush.
  1st  'Minnie Shaylor' Cary Dennis
  2nd  'Minnie Shaylor' Cary Dennis
  HM  'Miss America' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 216b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Semi-double, pink.
  2nd  'Flying Pink Saucer' Steve Rutz
         
Class 217a – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, white or blush.
  1st  'Charlie's White' Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Top Brass' Lloyd Ravet
  HM  'Queen Victoria' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
         
Class 217b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, pink.
  1st  'Lady Kate' Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Sweet 16' Steve Rutz
  3rd  'Monsieur Jules Elie' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  HM  'Mr. Ed' Cary Dennis
         
Class 217c – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Bomb, red.
  3rd  'Big Red Boomer Sooner' Brian & Mary Grimm
  HM  'Big Ben' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 218a – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Japanese, white or blush.
  2nd  'Stellar Charm' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 218b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Japanese, pink.
  1st  'Pink Giggles' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  2nd  'Party Time' Mary Muellner
  3rd  'Doreen' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  HM  'Do Tell' Mary Muellner
         
Class 218c – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Japanese, red.
  1st  'Barrington Belle' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  2nd  'Karen Gray' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 219b – 1 bloom, Lactiflora – Single, pink.
  2nd  'Pink Luau' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 220a – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, yellow, white or blush.
  2nd  'Lemon Chiffon' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 220b – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, coral.
  1st  'Coral Sunset' Janis Holdridge
  3rd  'Coral Charm' Mary Muellner
         
Class 220c – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, pink.
  2nd  'Etched Salmon' Lloyd Ravet
         
         
         
         
Class 220d – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, red.
  1st  'Buckeye Belle' Cary Dennis
  3rd  'Eliza Lundy' Cary Dennis
  HM  'Buckeye Belle' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
         
Class 221d – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Bomb, red.
  HM  'Red Charm' Cary Dennis
         
Class 223a – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, yellow, white or blush.
  HM  'Silver Dawn' Lloyd Ravet
  HM  'Athena' Mary Yee
         
Class 223c – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, pink.
  1st  'Color Magnet' Kent & Kathryn Tretheway
  2nd  'Firelight' Mary Yee
         
Class 223d – 1 bloom, Herbaceous Hybrid – Single, red.
  1st  'Illini Warrior' Janis Holdridge
  2nd  'The Mackinac Grand' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 225a – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Yellow or yellow blends, any form.
  2nd  'Yellow Emperor' Lloyd Ravet
  3rd  'Bartzella' Cary Dennis
  HM  'Garden Treasure' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 225c – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Red or red blends, any form.
  3rd  'Lafayette Escadrille' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 225e – 1 bloom, Itoh Hybrids Group – Pink or pink blends, any form.
  2nd  'Pastel Splendor' Lloyd Ravet
  3rd  'Hillary' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 226b – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, coral.
  1st  'Coral Sunset' Janis Holdridge
         
Class 226c – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, pink.
  1st  'Juliska' Janis Holdridge
  2nd  'Pink Pom Pom' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 226d – 3 blooms, Herbaceous Hybrid – Double or Semi-double, red.
  1st  'Illini Warrior' Janis Holdridge
         
Class 231b – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – White, Semi-double.
  1st  'Hakugan' Lloyd Ravet
  2nd  'Hakugan' Lloyd Ravet
  3rd  Rockii Lloyd Ravet
  HM  Rockii Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 232a – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – Pink, Single.
  1st  'Anna Marie' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 232b – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – Pink, Semi-double.
  1st  'Cherry Blossoms' Lloyd Ravet
  2nd  'Cherry Pie' Lloyd Ravet
  3rd  'Hanakisoi' Lloyd Ravet
  HM  'Cherry Pie' Lloyd Ravet
Class 233b – 1 bloom, Suffruticosa Tree Peony – Red, Semi-double.
  1st  Shima-Nishiki Brian & Mary Grimm
  2nd  'Shimadaijin' Brian & Mary Grimm
  3rd  'Yakumo' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 234b – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Yellow, Semi-double.
  1st  'Age of Gold' Lloyd Ravet
  HM  'Age of Gold' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 234c – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Yellow, Double.
  1st  'Alice Harding' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
Class 235b – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Pink, Semi-double.
  1st  'Waucedah Princess' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 235c – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Pink, Double.
  1st  'Theresa Anne' Mary Yee
  2nd  'Theresa Anne' Mary Yee
         
Class 236a – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Red, Single.
  1st  'Boreas' Lloyd Ravet
         
Class 236c – 1 bloom, Lutea Tree Peony – Red, Double.
  1st  'Satin Rouge' Lloyd Ravet
  3rd  'Right Royal' Brian & Mary Grimm
         
         
         
DIVISION 3
SEEDLINGS
         
Class 301 – Seedling. 3 blooms, 1 container, not currently introduced. Must have been propagated at least once and be identified by name or seedling number.
  Certificate of Merit    NB-H78 Solaris Farms
  Certificate of Merit    NB-SH110 Solaris Farms
  Certificate of Merit    NB-SH135 Solaris Farms
  Certificate of Merit    NB-SH155 Solaris Farms
  Certificate of Merit    NB-8 Solaris Farms
  Certificate of Merit    NB-32 Solaris Farms
  Certificate of Merit    JS08-01 Blossom Hill Nursery
         
Class 302 – New Cultivar. 3 blooms, 1 container. Must have been registered with the International Cultivar Registration Authority, and introduced no earlier than five years prior to this show. No ribbons awarded.
     'Faithful Dream'   Tim Stanek
     'Pastelorama' Solaris Farms
     'Vanilla Schnapps' Solaris Farms
         
         
         
DIVISION 4
SPECIAL ENTRIES
         
Class 402 – Visitor from the Greatest Distance. Collection, 5 cultivars, any type, any color.
  1st  Adelman Peony Gardens  
         
         
         
DIVISION 5
ARTISTIC DESIGN
         
Article II. NOVICE CLASSES
Class 1 – "Memories" - Exhibitor's Choice
  1st  "Memories"   Jeri Erickson
  2nd  "Memories"   Anna Tamura
  3rd  "Memories"   Janis Holdridge
         
Class 2 – "Dynamic Force" - Exhibitor's Choice
  1st  "Dynamic Force"   Anna Tamura
         
Article III. MEN ONLY CLASS
Class 3 – "Force of Nature" - Exhibitor's Choice
  1st  "Force of Nature" David Sorrentino
         
Article IV. OPEN CLASSES
Class 4 – "Imperial Flower" - Exhibitor's Choice
  1st  "Imperial Flower" Lorē Sampson
  2nd  "Imperial Flower" Anna Tamura
         
Class 5 – "Two Are Better Than One" - Stretch Design - using two containers
  1st  "Two Are Better Than One" Lorē Sampson
  3rd  "Two Are Better Than One" Anna Tamura
         
Class 6 – "Power Lines" - Vertical Design - taller than it is wide
  1st  "Power Lines"   David Sorrentino
  2nd  "Power Lines"   Anna Tamura
  3rd  "Power Lines"   Mary Grimm
         
Class 7 – "First Love" - Using one peony  
  1st  "First Love"   Lorē Sampson
  3rd  "First Love"   Anna Tamura
  HM  "First Love"   Janis Holdridge

Bloom Date Project

Data

Michael Denny

 

This page provides links to various formats of the 2012 Bloom Sequence data set. This data combines the data from Reverend Miller, the Heartland Peony Society and more recent data collected by Michael Denny.

The links to Alphabetic Sort and Bloom Sequence Sort will take you to web pages with the data listed in either alphabetical order or by bloom sequence.

All bloom times are listed with respect to Red Charm. Red Charm is said to bloom at time zero and the bloom time of all other peonies is given relative to this time. This is the number contained in the offset column.

For example, the entry for Alexander Woollcott shows that from the 17 observations recorded (#obs = 17), Alexander Woollcott blooms 4 days (offset = 4) after Red Charm (offset = 0).

The data should be used as a guide in considering when a cultivar will bloom. There is a danger that the offset will seem too precise and consequentialy will mis-lead. Annual weather variations will change the exact number of days that a cultivar will bloom before or after Red Charm. Caution is particularly needed for cultivars with only one observation. As we obtain more observations we will update and improve the data in the current tables.

Note: The following tables are large and may take some time to download.

Data by Alphabetic Cultivar/Species Name

Data by Bloom Sequence

A .csv file is also available via the following link for anyone who wishes to import the data into a spreadsheet application such as Excel.

Download .csv file

Bloom Date Project

Description

Michael Denny

 

In the past peony bloom dates have been collected by many people. To my knowledge, previous to this project, there have been two major attempts at collecting/consolidating and publishing data over a large number of cultivars. To this we can add the body of information published in nursery catalogues.


The Miller Data

Rev Floyd Miller collected bloom dates for 200 cultivars at Fergus Falls, Minnesota from 1963 to 1975. The location is 140 miles West and 80 miles North of Minneapolis.

The Miller data has two strengths. The first is the use of 13 years of data. The second is the evidence on many older American lactiflora cultivars. It is unlikely that we will find new evidence on these older American cultivars. The Nichols Arboretum has many early American lactifloras but they do not have the staff to collect bloom data.

As presented on pages 191-2 of the APS, Best of 75 Years, the Miller data is a single date for each cultivar. The data is not a simple average of the actual observations but appears to be a median rather than a mean. A median date has an equal number of bloom dates before and after. It will differ from a mean, or simple average, date but probably not by more than one or two days.


The Heartland Peony Society Data

Leon Presnell compiled bloom sequence data and placed it on the Heartland Peony Society web site. This is the most comprehensive list of bloom dates available. There are about 440 cultivars and 1300 observations in the Pesnell data.


Nursery Information

Nursery catalogues provide information on the bloom time for cultivars that they sell. They all do this using variants of a classification system that designates a cultivar as an early, middle or late bloomer. Many use a more complex system that includes very early, very late and some intermediate cases such as early-middle or mid-late. Don Hollingsworth of Hollingsworth Nursery has one of the more complex systems while Klehm's Song Sparrow has a relatively simple one.

I constructed some tables that compared the blooming period category given in catalogues from Klehm's Song Sparrow, Wilds, Hollingsworth Nursery and La Pivoinerie D'Aoust with the bloom data. It is not surprising that there is rough general agreement between the nurseries and the bloom data. There are however some definite disagreements which need further investigation.

Al Rogers in his book "Peonies" is very careful to exclude the bloom period for the cultivars in his longer lists because he recognizes that there is no common source of information.

Lindsay D'Aoust of La Pivoinerie D'Aoust and I have discussed trying to create a common classification system. Personally, I favour a system with five groups or categories, VE, E, M, L and VL. A new common classification system is important because it is not likely that nurseries will ever use a system such as the Red Charm relative dates. The basic weakness of any classification scheme is that some cultivars will bloom near the boundaries of the groups.


Recent Canadian and American Data

New bloom data has been collected and organized by myself, Michael Denny from observations in 1999 to 2003. This adds about 1200 new observations. Bloom data was collected by Brian Porter, Carlos Beca, Lindsay D'Aoust, Leo Smit, Julia Dicks, Val Ames and Irene Tolomeo. I added my own data and organized the information. Some of the data are for years prior to 1999. In particular, Julia and Brian had observations over a number of prior years.

I am hoping that everyone who contributed data in the past will continue to collect bloom dates in 2011 and beyond.

In our current data, we are measuring the bloom dates relative to the bloom dates of Red Charm. This is an attempt to adjust for different bloom dates for a given cultivar at the same location in different years and at different locations in the same and in different years. It is a relatively crude adjustment but will remain in use until we devise a better one.


Going Forward

Our objective is to provide reliable information on the bloom sequence of peonies. The simplest method would be to construct a ranked list of cultivars starting with the earliest bloomers and moving on to the later ones. Such a ranked list is simpler than our current methods because no information is provided about the period of time between the blooming of each cultivar.

We have evidence that even a ranked list is not totally reliable. We have data over a number of years from several gardens and the ranking by bloom time is not identical from one year to the next. This should not deter us from our task but it should warn us that the bloom sequence data that we create has to be used as a valuable guide and it should not be interpreted too literally.

Climate variations are likely the major source of variations in bloom dates. However there is a mystery because some cultivars seem to be affected to a different extent than others by the same weather variation. If this were not true, we would not see the rankings change in the same garden in different years. This is not a simple story of hybrids versus lactifloras but seems to occur for both groups.

Heat is probably the most important variable in explaining the variation in bloom time. In agriculture and the building industry, there has been wide- spread use of degree days. Degree days are a simple transformation of the average daily temperature. For example suppose we believe that it is the temperature above 40F that is important. Then the number of degree days for a day with an average of 60F is 20 ( = 60 - 40) degree days. There are many variants of degree days because one can choose the base temperature (40F in my example) to suit the problem of interest. We will probably want to create our own degree day measure from data on daily maximum and minimum temperature.

When this evidence is available, it would allow us to assess the influence of heat on the bloom sequence. One of the open questions is whether degree days is enough information to explain most of what is happening. If it is, there is less of a role for moisture and soil conditions. The latter may be important but I am hoping that it is temperature that is the major source of variations in the bloom dates.


What is Missing?

We have very limited information on the bloom times for tree peonies and for the peony species. In both cases, far fewer peony enthusiasts grow the plants. Over time, I hope that we can improve this situation.

For the lactifloras and hybrids the current data is more extensive. What we need is more years of observations from more locations and additional cultivars.

Finally, there are many common cultivars for which we have no bloom date observations.

Bloom Date Project

Seven Weeks of Bloom

Michael Denny

 

As an alternative to poring over the actual peony bloom time data, some summary information is presented here without all of the details. The article is organized around the idea that the peony enthusiast can have seven weeks of bloom. Not many of us will choose to plant for all seven weeks but it is very easy to obtain four or five weeks of bloom.

Table 1 provides information on the distribution of cultivars by the weeks in which they first bloom. I took all the cultivars in the bloom data and asked what percent start to bloom in week one, week two etc. The answer is in the Table below.

Our data does not contain every cultivar but I believe that the distribution of blooming time shown in Table 1 is a reasonable approximation to the cultivars that are currently commercially available. I have no way to prove that my belief is correct and you should keep this limitation in mind. If one considers the set of all named cultivars (whether in commerce or not), my belief would change.

There are many more older lactifloras that are not currently available and this would change the distribution. The percentages in Weeks Five and Six, and perhaps Seven would be even larger. The percentages in the other weeks would fall although the pattern, a slow increase across the early weeks, would not change.

Week
Percentage
One
2.4%
Two
4.8%
Three
7.4%
Four
17.1%
Five
49.8%
Six
18%
Seven
1.4%
Table 1

There is a huge peak in Week Five when almost one-half of the cultivars start to bloom. In addition, there are many cultivars that begin to bloom in the week preceding and the week after the Peak Week. These three weeks, Weeks Four, Five and Six, contain about 85% of the cultivars and represent the common blooming period that we are all used to enjoying.

If one wants a very long peony season, one has to select the early blooming varieties. There are three weeks of possible bloom before Week Four and only one week after Week Six. It is the long early bloom period that is attractive to peony enthusiasts.

In Southern Ontario, where I live, the peak, Week Five, would be about June 4th to 10th. These dates will vary with your location. Colder locations will have to wait a little longer and warmer location will see the peak earlier. Week Two will begin here about mid-May.

For each of the seven weeks, I will provide some examples of the cultivars that bloom during this period. The selections are biassed towards cultivars that are available and that perform well.

Table 2 provides examples for the first three weeks. Week One belongs to the species. These are not as widely available in Canada as in Europe but can be found. At the very end of this week, the Fernleaf peony and its hybrids, e.g. 'Little Red Gem' will begin to bloom.. A small number of Saunders' hybrids, such as 'Nova' will also bloom in Week One

Week One
Week Two
Week Three
P. caucasicaStarlightClaire de Lune
P. anomalaNosegayFirelight
NovaP. officinalisRoselette
P. peregrinaEarly ScoutIllini Belle
Little Red GemLaddieEarly Glow
P. tenuifoliaYachiyo-tsubaki (TP)Hana Kisoi (TP)
Table 2 (TP = Tree peony)

Week Two continues with further hybrids of the Fernleaf peony, for example, 'Early Scout' and 'Laddie', P. Officinalis and its hybrids also begin to bloom in this week along with more of Saunders Hybrids.

Although our information on bloom dates for tree peonies is very limited, some tree peonies will begin to bloom in Week Two and one example is given in Table 2.

The bulk of the tree peonies will bloom in Weeks Three and Four with a few starting in Week Five. Because our data is so limited, we will not discuss tree peonies in any detail.

The volume of hybrid cultivars increases substantially in Week Three. There are now more gorgeous semi-doubles to accompany the singles. There are still no lactifloras but there are many hybrid varieties from which to choose. A few examples are shown in Table 2.

In Table 3, we provide a few examples of the cultivars that begin to bloom in Weeks Four and Five. The hybrids continue to dominate in Week Four although the earliest lactifloras will start to bloom by the end of this week.

Week Four
Week Five
Scarlet O'HaraM. Jules ElieCoral Charm
MoonriseDiana ParksFestiva Maxima
Red CharmMiss AmericaRed Grace
CythereaDo-tellWesterner
Richard CarvelSea ShellMother's Choice
Mme de VernevilleMrs. F.D. RooseveltGardenia
Table 3

The choice of cultivars is very large in Week Four and even larger in Week Five. Almost one in six cultivars begins to bloom in Week Four and almost one in two in Week Five. In Table 3, I have used two columns for Week Five to increase the number of examples. These twelve cultivars are only a tiny portion of the more than 300 cultivars in our data that will begin their blooming in Week Five.

Week Six continues to offer a very large range of choice of lactifloras. A few of these are shown in Table 4.

Week Six
Week Seven
Sarah BernhardtMarie Lemoine
Martha BullochMarilla Beauty
Nick ShaylorMyrtle Gentry
Ann Hargrove Hudson
Shaylor's SunburstGlory Hallelujah
Sword DanceSinbad
Table 4

Many of the best known Japanese form peonies will bloom in this week. If one wants to have some contrast in flower form, it will be these Japanese that offset the numerous doubles in bloom.

There may only be only six and one-half weeks of bloom. Very few cultivars reliably bloom in Week Seven. You may find, as I have, that cultivars listed in Week Six bloom later than some of those listed for Week Seven. The late blooming cultivars are all sensitive to the weather patterns in a given year. If summer heat arrives early, many of the cultivars in Weeks Five, Six and Seven may open very close together. With a gentler climate or a slow onset of summer many of us can enjoy a longer period of bloom as shown in Table 4.


Flower Form
There are distinct temporal patterns for the different flower forms, single, Japanese, double etc. During the peak Week Five almost all flower forms are widely available.

In our data, about 47 percent of the cultivars are Doubles, 25 percent Single, 14 percent are Japanese and 14 percent are Semi-Double.

Single blooms start the peony season and are very dominant in Weeks One and Two. Even in Week Three they are the most common bloom type.

At the other end of the season, there are no singles in Week Seven and very few in Week Six. This flower form is still widely available in Weeks Four and Five.

Just as the singles become rarer, the next form begins to bloom. The Japanese have perhaps the shortest or most compact bloom period.. There are no Japanese cultivars in the first three Weeks and only a few in Week Four, for example, 'Jewel'.

Japanese cultivars are concentrated in Weeks Five and Six. There are no very late blooming Japanese cultivars in Week Seven. Examples of the latest blooming Japanese cultivars are 'Barrington Belle', 'Shaylor's Sunburst' and 'Sword Dance'.

Semi-Double cultivars span a longer bloom period than the Japanese cultivars. There are many early hybrid Semi-Double cultivars whereas there are almost no Japanese hybrids - 'Jewel' and 'Walter Mains' are hybrid Japanese exceptions.

In Weeks One and Two, Semi-Double cultivars are rare but not unknown. It is the hybrid semi-doubles of Weeks Three and particularly Week Four that form the most important season for this bloom type. There are almost no Japanese hybrids and in contrast there are relatively few Semi-Double lactifloras. There are some, but Semi-Doubles are rare in Weeks Six and none bloom in Week Seven..

The most numerous flower type are Doubles. These are scarce during the first two weeks. The exceptions are 'P officinalis. A few more start to bloom in Week Three but these are uncommon cultivars that are not readily available.

The Doubles take over in Week Four and provide much of the bloom for the remainder of the season. In the last two weeks, the predominant forms will be the Japanese and the Doubles.


Colour
In my garden, I have the impression that the passage of time brings a change in the predominance of different bloom colours. This may reflect my choice of cultivars. I looked at the data to see if my impression could be supported by evidence. In general, the answer is no or that the evidence is quite limited.


Hybrids and Lactifloras
The term hybrid peony conjures up images of vivid colours and early blooming. As noted above, the hybrids (and species) dominate the season from Week One through Week Four. The lactifloras take over and carry most of the bloom for the last three weeks.

During Week Five, the hybrids continue to offer their vivid colours although numerically they are dominated by the lactifloras. During this week, most of the coral hybrids bloom as well as some Double and Japanese hybrids.

By Week Six, the hybrids are finished and the lactifloras carry on for the remainder of the season.


Concluding Comment
This brief summary can not convey the range of choice available. There is a definite bloom peak and if one grows very few peonies there are excellent choices at the peak times. As one grows more peonies, it is worth considering more of the early hybrids and species both for their vibrant colours and for the increase in the length of the peony season.

Bloom Date Project

Michael Denny

 

'Bouquet Perfect'
'Commanche'
'Dainty'
'Dayton'

This Bloom Date Project is an attempt to clarify what we know and more importantly, do not know about the blooming pattern of peonies. This is a long run project to which I hope many will contribute.

For the peony buyer, it would be better if nurseries had a common bloom period classification system. Currently, buyers will find the same cultivar classified as mid season in one catalogue and early in another. This problem carries over to peony books. If the author gathered information about bloom time from a number of sources, it is very likely that the different sources use different classification systems.

By collecting data over a long period of time and in several different locations, this project attempts to make available the information required to put in place a common bloom period classification system.

Michael Denny

'Faith Fenton'
'Garden Treasure'
'Gardenia'
'Gayborder June'
'Gold Rush'